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Solar panel installation guide: installing solar panels in 7 steps

Solar panels are typically known as a module or mounting system mainly comprised of a solar inverter and a controller, which is used to produce DC electricity with sunlight. The inverters convert the electricity generated by the system into AC so that it can be used for household applications. Solar panel installation is a very critical process because to ensure optimal performance, the design should be installed with extreme care on the prime location of the house. 

If you are looking for services regarding solar panel installers, Solar Earth Inc. will take care of your solar panel installation process.  

 This article is a guide for a complete solar panel installation process. The location for the installation of solar panels is critical, and most of the time, it is installed on the roof as the roof is the prime location that has all the desired specifications necessary for the installation for the panels to get the maximum sunlight. If the panel is not applicable on the roof, it can also be installed on the ground, but the location should not block the access of sunlight.  

I. How to install solar panels step by step

A prospective solar buyer always thinks that is solar worth it. Because it can be too tricky to install the solar panel but the Solar Earth Inc. will assist you in installing panels. The following steps will explain solar panel installation:  

The following steps will explain how to install a solar panel easily.  

II. 7 easy steps to install solar panels

1. Direction and face of solar panel

The solar panel installation can be made easier if the face of panel is according to the access of sunlight. The mounting structure is generally used to provide the base for the solar systems to ensure that they have proper shape while attached to the rooftops. This mounting structure is typically made up of aluminum, which is why its performance depends on the panels’ direction. 

The best approach, which is always recommended for solar panels’ face, is towards the South, where the maximum sunlight can be easily accessed. East and West can also be good enough directions, but North is never recommended because of sunlight.  

 The angle is always critical for solar panel installers to have access to maximum sunlight. They are permanently tilted to a certain angle. This angle is generally decided according to the house or commercial building’s location and latitude wherever you are installing the solar panel. The solar trackers are also used most of the time to increase their efficiency.  

2. Assembling of the solar panels

The second step in solar panel installers is their assembling so that they can be fixed accurately. The are connected with the solar modules to ensure that all the nuts and bolts are correctly set with the solar panels’ overall structure. This step is all about security and surety of the panels. 

3. Electrical Wiring

The third step is all about wiring. For the collection of solar panels, MC4 connectors are generally used. These are also known as universal connectors, and with the help of these connectors, any solar panels can be connected. The process of wiring can also become more straightforward and much faster with the use of these connectors.  

 Some of the modern solar panels generally come with pre attached connectors. For those panels where these connectors are not attached, you will have to decide about the series connection of the wires. The positive wire is connected to the negative wire from one module to another module in a series connection; however, if you are looking to connect solar panels in the parallel collection.

The positive wire is connected to positive and negative to the negative wire of another module. The parallel connection is generally used to maintain the voltage in both panels; however, a series connection ultimately increases the voltage according to the essential requirement.   

4. The connection between solar inverter and panels

In the next step, the solar inverters are connected with the solar panels with a wire’s help. The positive wire from the solar panel is connected to the inverter’s backside with a positive terminal, and similarly, the negative wire is associated with the negative terminal.  

5. Step 05 The connection between the battery and solar inverter

The battery is essential to have power back up significantly in the off-grid system. The connection between the battery and the solar inverter is generated to recharge the solar panels. Both the positive terminals of battery and solar inverters are connected with each other.  

6. Solar inverter and grid connection

The grid is connected with the solar inverters, and then the connection is supported by the main switchboard. To supply electricity, the output wire is critically associated with the board.  

A particular type of metering device is sometimes used to calculate the excess energy generated from the solar system. The positive wire is connected with the line terminal. Similarly, the negative wire is connected to the neutral of metering device with the system.  

7. Start the system

The final step is about starting the solar panel, mostly when all the connections are made. However, there is no such visual display that can be used to estimate the total solar units which have been generated during the day.  

III. How to install solar panels on a rooftop?

The solar panel installers on the roof can be as tricky as building a solar panel. Still, by following the given steps related to the installation project, you can easily install solar panels on your roof.   

  • Always look for a perfect place and mount the solar panel by maintaining a proper distance between them, such as four feet apart.  
  • Make proper drills into the rafters to have a perfect connection. 
  • Try to use bolts of perfect size to seal the surrounding area. 
  • Fasten the panel to the desired location 
  • Maintain the connection between the panels and the electricity supply. 
  • Solar Earth Inc. will take care of the installation of your solar panels. Is solar worth it? Most people get confused about the installation procedure, but Solar Earth Inc.’s experts offer high quality certified professional services for all solar panel installation work types.